World Report on Child Labour : Economic vulnerability, social protection and the fight against child labour.

This new report is the first in a series to be published annually by the ILO's International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour. It brings together research on child labour and social protection, identifying policies that are designed to achieve multiple social goals. It discusses the...

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Bibliografiska uppgifter
Huvudupphovsman: Office, International Labour.
Materialtyp: E-bok
Språk:English
Publicerad: Geneva : International Labour Office, 2013.
Upplaga:1st ed.
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Innehållsförteckning:
  • Intro
  • Preface
  • Contents
  • List of abbreviations
  • Executive summary
  • 1. Introduction: Objectives, scope and structure of the report
  • 2. Child labour and social protection: International standards, concepts and policy frameworks
  • Child labour standards
  • Action against child labour
  • Social protection: A growing focus in development
  • The ILO Social Security Strategy
  • Child-sensitive social protection
  • 3. Child labour and economic vulnerability: Poverty and shocks as determinants of child labour
  • Introduction
  • The many causes of child labour
  • Child labour and economic vulnerability: The theory
  • Child labour and economic vulnerability: The evidence
  • Conclusion
  • 4. Social protection as a policy response to child labour: A review of evidence from impact evaluations
  • Introduction
  • Transfer programmes directed at families with children
  • Public employment programmes
  • Social health protection
  • Social protection for people with disabilities
  • Income security in old age
  • Unemployment protection
  • Conclusion
  • 5. Looking forward: Mainstreaming child labour concerns into child-sensitive social security systems
  • 1. Building an adequate evidence base to guide and inform policy
  • 2. Taking an integrated, systems approach to addressing household vulnerabilities and child labour
  • 3. Building social protection floors
  • 4. Ensuring that social security systems are "child-sensitive"
  • 5. Mainstreaming child-sensitive design elements into social security systems
  • 6. Reaching out to especially vulnerable groups of children
  • 7. Strengthening national legal frameworks and institutional capacities
  • References
  • Annex
  • Tables
  • Table 3.1. Summary of studies estimating the effect of household/income consumption on child labour.
  • Table 3.2. Characteristics of country studies on the impact of shocks on child labour
  • Table 4.1. Social protection instruments for tackling child labour: Summary of the evidence to date
  • Figures
  • Figure 2.1. The ILO Social Security Strategy: A two-dimensional approach
  • Figure 3.1. Child labour is more common in poorer countries
  • Figure 3.2. Key determinants of child labour and schooling and policy pillars to address them
  • Figure 3.3. Changes in children's employment and GDP growth
  • Figure 3.3. Changes in children's employment and GDP growth (continued)
  • Figure 3.4. Child labour militates against decent work prospects over the life cycle
  • Figure 3.5. Child labour is much more common in poor households
  • Figure 3.6. Child labour in Venezuela rose dramatically during the economic crisis of 2002-03
  • Figure 3.7. Both individual and collective shocks are common in Guatemala
  • Figure 4.1. Ecuador's Bono de Desarrollo Humano programme reduced child labour
  • Figure 4.2. Malawi's Social Cash Transfer Scheme prompted a shift towards family-based forms of child labour
  • Figure 4.3. The impact of Mexico's Oportunidades programme varied considerably by children'sage, sex and place of residence
  • Figure 4.4. Conditional cash transfer programmes lower child labour, although the impact varies greatly from one programme and location to the next
  • Figure 4.5. The limited evidence on the impact of conditional in-kind transfers is less conclusive
  • Figure 4.6. The Public Safety Net public works programme in Ethiopia did not consistently lower child labour
  • Figure 4.7. Out-of-pocket costs account for over half of total health expenditures in low-income countries
  • Figure 4.8. An antiretroviral treatment programme in Kenya reduced child labour among boys.
  • Figure 4.9. Multidimensional poverty is much higher among families with disabled members inthe developing world
  • Figure 4.10. Public pension coverage remains very limited in low-income countries
  • Figure 4.11. Many children in the developing world live in multigenerational households
  • Figure 4.12. The South Africa old-age pension programme lowered time spent in child labour
  • Figure 5.1. Elements of an integrated social protection system for addressing child labour
  • Boxes
  • Box 2.1. Principles of child-sensitive social protection
  • Box 3.1. The global economic crisis and child labour
  • Box 3.2. Social protection for migrant children
  • Box 4.1. Conditional versus unconditional cash transfers
  • Box 4.2. ILO measures for addressing the worst forms of child labour: The Converging Against Child Labour project in India
  • Box 5.1. Key principles in establishing national social protection floors according to ILO Recommendation No. 202.