Kurdistan Region of Iraq : Assessing the Economic and Social Impact of the Syrian Conflict and ISIS.

The Kurdistan region of Iraq is facing an economic and humanitarian crisis as a result of the influx of Syrian refugees which began in 2012 and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in 2014. The region's population increased by 28 percent over a short period, placing strains on the local economy,...

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Main Author: Bank, World.
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Herndon : World Bank Publications, 2015.
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245 1 0 |a Kurdistan Region of Iraq :  |b Assessing the Economic and Social Impact of the Syrian Conflict and ISIS. 
264 1 |a Herndon :  |b World Bank Publications,  |c 2015. 
264 4 |c ©2015. 
300 |a 1 online resource (193 pages) 
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505 0 |a Cover -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Overview -- The KRG Is Facing a Multifaceted Crisis Compounding Economic and Humanitarian Risks -- To Manage the Impact of These Shocks, KRG Will Need Additional Resources to Restore Access to Public Services -- These Stabilization Assessment Findings and Main Channels of Impacts Are Subsequently Elaborated -- The Refugee and IDP Crises Have Imposed Substantial Strains on the Social Sectors, and Additional Resources Are Needed to Address Humanitarian Issues -- The Crisis Increased the Stress on Infrastructure, Including Water, Solid Waste Management, Electricity, and Transport Sectors: The Stabilization Cost Is Enormous -- Conclusions -- Notes -- Introduction -- Notes -- 1. Macroeconomic and Fiscal Impact of the Conflict -- Precrises Macroeconomic Situation -- Impact of Crises and Stabilization Assessment -- Notes -- 2. Social Development Impact of the Conflict -- Health Sector -- Education Sector -- Food Security and Agricultural Livelihoods -- Poverty and Welfare -- Estimating the Welfare Impact of the Shocks, 2012-15 -- Social Assistance and Labor -- Housing and Shelter -- Social Cohesion and Citizen Security -- Precrisis Situation -- Notes -- 3. Impact of the Conflict on Infrastructure -- Water and Sanitation Sector -- Solid Waste Management -- Electricity Sector -- Transportation Sector -- Notes -- Appendixes -- A. KRG Impact Assessment, 2012-14 -- B. Methodology: KRG Economic and Social Impact Assessment -- C. Simulation Model: Fiscal Impact of the Conflict -- D. Modeling the Macroeconomic Impact of IDPs -- E. Dohuk Governorate: Internally Displaced Persons -- F. Erbil Governorate: Internally Displaced Persons -- G. Sulaymaniyah Governorate: Internally Displaced Persons -- H. Estimates of the Economic Impact of the ISIS Crisis Attributable to Trade. 
505 8 |a I. Iraq and KRI Microfinance Sector Assessment -- J. Poverty and Welfare Assessment: Methodology -- K. Annotated Methodology: Health Sector -- Bibliography -- Box -- 1.1 Accounting for the Impact of the Budget Freeze -- Figures -- 1.1 KRI GDP at Current Prices, 2004-11 -- 1.2 KRG Economic Composition of Public Expenditures, 2013 -- 1.3 Number of Local and Foreign Registered Firms: Erbil, Sulaymaniyah, and Dohuk Governorates, 2008-14 -- 1.4 KRI-Licensed Investment Project Capital, 2006-14 -- 1.5 KRI Investment, by Sector, November 2006 through September 7, 2014 -- 1.6 Installed Plants in Industry Sector, July 2014 -- 1.7 Imports from the World and Turkey to KRI, 2009-13 -- 1.8 Public Revenues: Baseline and Counterfactual (No Budget Shock) Scenarios, 2011-15 -- 1.9 Point Impact of IDPs on Monetary Well-Being of KRI Residents, 2014 -- 1.10 Level of Consumer Price Index, January 2010 through September 2014 -- 1.11 Iraq: Trade Flows (Including Oil), January 2014 through July 2014 -- 1.12 Iraq: Monthly Imports from Neighboring Countries, January 2014 through July 2014 -- 1.13 Iraq: Monthly Exports to Neighboring Countries (Including Oil), January 2014 through July 2014 -- 1.14 Customs Revenues, January 2013 through August 2014 -- 1.15 Tourist Arrivals in KRI, 2012-14 -- 2.1 Per Capita Health Expenditures in KRI, 2008-11 -- 2.2 KRG Capital Investment, 2008-11 -- 2.3 Number of Hospital Beds, by Governorate and Public-Private Mix -- 2.4 Recurrent Health Expenditure in KRI, 2007-13 -- 2.5 Impact on PHC Services and Hospital Per Capita Expenditures, 2011-13 -- 2.6 Impact of Budgetary Crisis versus Refugees and IDPs Crises on Per Capita Expenditure, 2013 and 2014 -- 2.7 Foreign Labor Inflow to KRI -- 2.8 Size of the Labor Force, by Private-Public Sector, 2011-13 -- 2.9 Labor Force, by Sector, 2012 and 2013. 
505 8 |a 2.10 Shelter Trends for IDPs in KRI, June 25, 2014, to September 28, 2014 -- 2.11 CPI Indicators for Rent and General Prices, January 2012 to January 2015 -- 2.12 Estimated Number of Households Requiring Noncamp Housing in 60/40 Scenario -- 2.13 Monthly Civilian Deaths by Violence, January 1, 2009, through September 1, 2013 -- 3.1 Fiscal Cost of Electricity Delivery in KRI, 2010-15 -- C.1 Simulation Model: Impact of the Conflict -- H.1 Import Demand and Export Supply -- I.1 Microfinance Industry Outreach -- I.2 ISIS Conflict and Associated Instability Impact on Lending Activity in Iraq's Microfinance Sector, 2010-14 -- I.3 Substantial Increase Observed in PAR over 30 Days among Iraqi and KRI MFIs, 2010-14 -- Maps -- 1.1 Diversion of Trade Routes -- E.1 Dohuk Governorate: Internally Displaced Persons -- F.1 Erbil Governorate: Internally Displaced Persons -- G.1 Sulaymaniyah Governorate: Internally Displaced Persons -- Photos -- O.1 Children in Arbat Camp in Sulaymaniyah Governorate -- 1.1 Child in Arbat Camp in Sulaymaniyah Governorate -- 2.1 Darashakran Refugee Camp in Erbil Governorate -- 3.1 Gawilan Refugee Camp in Dohuk Governorate -- 3.2 Kawergosk Refugee Camp in Erbil Governorate -- Tables -- 0.1 Stabilization Assessment, 2015 Projection -- 1.1 Revenue and Expenditures, 2010-14 -- 1.2 Comparative Indexes, KRI versus Iraq -- 2.1 Impact Assessment for the Health Sector, October 2012 to September 2014 -- 2.2 Stabilization Assessment for the Health Sector, 2015 -- 2.3 Stabilization Assessment, by Scenario, 2015 -- 2.4 KRI Basic Education: Statistics on Students, Schools, and Teachers, 2008 and 2013 -- 2.5 Dohuk: Number of Refugee Shelters in Schools as of September 1, 2014 -- 2.6 KRG Education Sector Expenditures, Actual Spending 2008-12 -- 2.7 Education Sector Stabilization Assessment, 2015 Projection. 
505 8 |a 2.8 Stabilization Assessment for Food Security and Agricultural Livelihoods, 2015 -- 2.9 Distribution of Population, by Gender and Age Ranges, 2014 -- 2.10 Population Projections for 2014, Different Scenarios -- 2.11 Population Projections, Baseline Scenario, 2015 -- 2.12 Population Projections, Lower Scenario, 2015 -- 2.13 Population Projections, Upper Scenario, 2015 -- 2.14 KRI GRP Growth, by Sector, Estimates -- 2.15 KRI Employment-Output Elasticities (Estimates), Population between 18 and 60 Years -- 2.16 Elasticity of Poverty to Economic Growth, 2013-15 -- 2.17 Aggregate Impacts on Poverty, Assuming No Growth in Public Transfers, 2012-15 -- 2.18 Stabilization Costs, Assuming No Growth in Public Transfers, 2015 -- 2.19 Family and Disability Allowances, by Governorates, 2010-14 -- 2.20 Employment and Unemployment Rates, 2012 and 2013 -- 2.21 Fiscal Impact, 2015 -- 2.22 Stabilization Assessment, 2015 -- 3.1 Estimated Impact on Water Demand, 2012-14 -- 3.2 Estimated Needs of Refugees and IDPs, 2015 Projection -- 3.3 Stabilization Assessment for Solid Waste Management, 2015 Projection -- 3.4 Stabilization Assessment for the Electricity Sector, 2015 Projection -- 3.5 Distribution of Road Network in KRG Governorates -- 3.6 Construction and Maintenance Expenditures in the Road Sector Excluding Municipal Road Network, 2010-13 -- 3.7 Construction and Maintenance Expenditures in the Road Sector, Municipal Road Network, 2010-13 -- A.1 KRG Impact Assessment, 2012-14 -- I.1 Microfinance Providers as of 2012 -- K.1 Actual Expenditure Variables -- K.2 Counterfactual Per Capita Expenditure Variables -- K.3 Population Variables -- K.4 Impact Assessment -- K.5 Stabilization Assessment. 
520 |a The Kurdistan region of Iraq is facing an economic and humanitarian crisis as a result of the influx of Syrian refugees which began in 2012 and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in 2014. The region's population increased by 28 percent over a short period, placing strains on the local economy, host community, and access to public services. This book provides national and regional policy makers with a technical assessment of the impact and stabilization costs needed for 2015 associated with the influx of refugees and IDPs. The stabilization cost for 2015 is estimated at US1.4 billion in additional spending above and beyond the region's budget. This estimate could significantly increase should the crisis persist longer. The study highlights how prices and unemployment have increased, and refugees and IDPs entering the labor market are pushing wages down. A surge in violence led to supply side shocks. The ISIS crisis has had a significant effect on trade of goods and services. Transportation routes were disrupted. Foreign direct investment flows have declined and operations of foreign enterprises have been adversely affected. Disruption of public investment projects have had a negative impact on the economy. Based on the World Bank estimates, economic growth contracted by 5 percentage points in the region and the poverty rate more than doubled, rising from 3.5 percent to 8.1 percent. While the government has been responsive to addressing the needs of the displaced population up until now, more resources are needed to avert this humanitarian crisis and address the needs of the displaced population in the medium- and long-term. The report is an outcome of close collaboration between a wide spectrum of World Bank experts and regional government institutions and international partners. 
588 |a Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources. 
590 |a Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.  
650 0 |a Kurdistan (Iraq). -- ?ikûmetî Herêmî Kurdistan-?Êraq.. 
650 0 |a War -- Economic aspects -- Kurdistan.. 
650 0 |a Insurgency -- Economic aspects -- Kurdistan.. 
650 0 |a Kurdistan -- Social conditions -- 21st century.. 
650 0 |a Kurdistan -- Economic conditions -- 21st century.. 
650 0 |a Syria -- History -- Civil War, 2011-. 
655 4 |a Electronic books. 
776 0 8 |i Print version:  |a Bank, World  |t Kurdistan Region of Iraq : Assessing the Economic and Social Impact of the Syrian Conflict and ISIS  |d Herndon : World Bank Publications,c2015  |z 9781464805486 
797 2 |a ProQuest (Firm) 
856 4 0 |u https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/suleyman-ebooks/detail.action?docID=2037870  |z Click to View