Genetics.

About the Book: Endeavours to make this seemingly difficult subject understandable and enjoyable for the readers. It provides an account of classical and modern genetics with new developments in the field. The scope of each chapter has been broadened enough to provide information on historical landm...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Ahluwalia, Kavita B.
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Daryaganj : New Age International Ltd, 2009.
Edition:1st ed.
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Table of Contents:
  • Cover
  • Dedicated to My Parents
  • Preface to the Second Edition
  • Preface to the First Edition
  • Contents
  • Chapter 1. The Pre-Mendelian Era and Mendelism
  • Mendel and the Birth of Mendelism
  • Mendel's Experiments
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 2. Interaction of Genes
  • Incomplete Dominance
  • Codominance
  • Epistasis
  • Complementary Genes
  • Duplicate Genes
  • Polymeric Genes
  • Modifying Genes
  • Lethal Genes
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 3. Environment and Gene Expression
  • Penetrance and Expressivity
  • Temperature
  • Light
  • Phenocopies
  • Environmental Effects and Twin Studies
  • Human Intelligence
  • Drug Resistance
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 4. Quantitative or Polygenic Inheritance
  • Inheritance of Kernel Colour in Wheat
  • Corolla Length in Tobacco
  • Skin Colour Inheritance in Man
  • Transgressive and Regressive Variation
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 5. Multiple Alleles
  • What are Multiple Alleles?
  • Sexual Incompatibility in Plants
  • Blood Group Alleles in Man
  • Multiple Alleles and Complex Loci
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 6. Cell Division and Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
  • Mitosis
  • Meiosis
  • The Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 7. Chi-Square Test and Probability
  • Chi-Square Test
  • Probability
  • Binomial Expansions
  • Multinomial Distributions
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 8. Linkage, Recombination and Gene Mapping
  • Morgan's Work on Drosophila
  • Crossing Over
  • The Three-Point Cross
  • Detection of Linkage
  • Double Crossing Over
  • Cytological Basis for Crossing Over
  • Sex Linkage
  • Recombination in Neurospora
  • Gene Mapping in Fungi
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 9. Extranuclear Transmission of Traits
  • Killer Trait in Paramecium.
  • CO2 Sensitivity in Drosophila
  • Plastid Inheritance
  • Male Transmission in Geranium (Pelargonium)
  • Iojap Strain of Maize
  • Male Sterility in Plants
  • Inheritance Through Mitochondria
  • The Genetics of Mitochondria and Chloroplasts
  • Extranuclear Genes in Chlamydomonas
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 10. The Genetic Control of Sex
  • Chromosomal Basis of Sex Determination
  • Sex Chromosomes in Resting Nuclei: Barr Bodies and Lyon's Hypothesis
  • Balance Theory of Sex determination
  • Sex Mosaics
  • Genotypic Mechanisms for Sex Determination
  • Environmental Control of Sex
  • Hormones and Sex Determination
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 11. Variations in Chromosome Number
  • Euploidy
  • Artificial Induction of Polyploidy
  • Aneuploidy
  • Aneuploidy in Drosophila
  • Aneuploidy in Humans
  • Haploids
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 12. Variations in Chromosome structure
  • Deletion Or Deficiency
  • Duplications
  • Translocations
  • Inversions
  • B-Chromosomes
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 13. Nature of the Genetic Material
  • DNA is The Genetic Material in Bacteria
  • Evidence That DNA is The Genetic Material in Viruses
  • Genes of Some Viruses are Made of RNA
  • Biochemical Evidence That Genes are Made of DNA
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 14. The Structure and Replication of DNA
  • Types of Bonds
  • The Double Helix
  • The A, B and C Forms of DNA
  • The Left Handed Helix
  • Bends in DNA
  • Supercoiled DNA
  • Replication of DNA
  • The Nucleic Acid Enzymes - A General Account
  • Molecular Mechanism of DNA Replication
  • DNA Replication in Bacteria
  • DNA Replication in Eukaryotes
  • Replication in Kinetic Classes of DNA
  • The Rolling Circle Method of Replication
  • Replication in DNA Viruses
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings.
  • Chapter 15. Gene Transcription and Translation into Proteins
  • The Central Dogma
  • Colinearity of Gene and Its Product
  • Transcription
  • Eukaryotic Transcription
  • Messenger RNA
  • Reverse Transcription
  • RNA and Protein Synthesis
  • Transfer RNA
  • Ribosomes and Ribosomal RNA
  • The Reconstitution of Ribosomes
  • Special Features of rRNA Genes
  • The Genetic Code
  • Genetic Evidence for The Code
  • Translation and Protein Biosynthesis
  • Destinations of Proteins
  • Open Reading Frame
  • Functional Proteins
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 16. Genetic Regulation in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
  • What are Induction and Repression?
  • Regulation in Prokaryotes
  • Details of Genes
  • The Inducible and Repressible Systems
  • Transcriptional and Translational Control
  • DNA Methylation
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 17. Genetics of Bacteria
  • Transformation
  • Conjugation
  • Transduction
  • The Genetic MAP of E. coli
  • Plasmids
  • Moveable Genes
  • Genomes in Mitochondria and Chloroplasts
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 18. Genetics of Viruses
  • Life Cycle of Virulent Bacteriophages
  • Temperate Phages and Prophage
  • Genetic Recombination in Phages
  • Mapping Genes in Phage Lambda
  • The RNA Phages
  • Tumour Viruses and Cancer
  • Viroids
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 19. The Eukaryotic Chromosome
  • Gross Structure of Chromosomes
  • The Nucleolus
  • Some Specific Gene Sequences in Chromosomes
  • Chromosome Banding
  • The Synaptonemal Complex
  • Strandedness of Chromosomes
  • Chromosomal Proteins
  • The Nucleosome
  • The Supranucleosomal Structures
  • The Specialised Chromosomes
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 20. Mutations
  • Detection of Spontaneous Mutations
  • Cytologically Visible Gene Mutations
  • Mutable Genes
  • Induction of Mutations
  • UV Radiation.
  • Chemicals as Mutagens
  • Reverse Mutations
  • Repair of DNA
  • Sister Chromatid Exchanges
  • Mutations Affecting Human Beings
  • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 21. Human Genetics
  • The Human Chromosome Complement
  • Chromosomal Anomalies and Human Disorders
  • Tracing The Gene in Family-Pedigree Studies
  • Genetics of Human Metabolic Diseases
  • Some Complex Traits in Families
  • Genetics of The Haemoglobins
  • Amniocentesis
  • Somatic Cell Hybrids
  • Immunogenetics
  • The HLA System
  • Cancer
  • Oncogenes
  • Human Prion Disease
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 22. Fine Structure of The Gene
  • Mapping The rll Locus in T4
  • Gene Conversion
  • Split Genes
  • Gene Families and Pseudogenes
  • Transposable Elements
  • Overlapping Genes
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 23. Recombinant DNA Technology
  • Questions
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 24. Applications of Recombinant DNA Technology
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 25. Genomics
  • Optical Mapping of Whole Genome
  • Synthetic Genomics
  • Selected Readings
  • Evolutionary Genetics
  • Chapter 26. Populations and Gene Frequencies
  • Gene and Genotype Frequencies
  • The Hardy-Weinberg Law
  • Nonrandom Mating
  • Variation in Populations
  • Changes in Gene Frequencies in Populations
  • Selected Readings
  • Chapter 27. Origin of Life-Evolution of Man
  • Origin of The First Elements
  • Chemical Evolution
  • Geological Evidences
  • The Planets and Life
  • Prebiotic Synthesis of Macromolecules
  • From Micro-Organisms to Man
  • Darwin and Natural Selection
  • Selected Readings
  • Index.